Are viruses alive?

There are common criteria that are used by scientist to judge if something is alive or not for example:

Living creatures have:

-cells .

virus doesn’t have cell.

-reproducing character.

Virus can’t reproduce by itself but it attacks the host cells and itegrates to its genetic material and controlling the host genetic material to produce new viruses.

-living things uses energy but virus can’t use it outside the host.

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